Any money that contributes to a traditional IRA and that you don't deduct on your tax return is a “non-deductible contribution.” You must still declare these contributions on your return, and to do so, you must use Form 8606.Reporting them saves you money in the future. You may be able to request a deduction on your individual federal income tax return for the amount you contributed to your IRA. While a non-deductible IRA isn't as restrictive in terms of eligibility, it also doesn't offer the same tax benefits as a traditional or Roth IRA. Remember that you can't invest money in a Roth IRA if your income is too high, but Roth IRAs are a valuable retirement savings tool, allowing you to increase your invested funds tax-free and withdraw your earnings as a retiree without paying taxes, as long as you follow certain rules.
If you want to contribute to a Roth IRA and your income is too high to do so, using a non-deductible IRA will also allow you to benefit from the favorable tax rules associated with a Roth IRA. In addition, regardless of your participation in a work plan, income that exceeds a certain threshold makes you ineligible at all to contribute to a Roth IRA. The IRS recommends keeping your forms 1040 and 8606, as well as the Form 5498 you receive each year from the IRA depositary to document your contributions and distributions. The main difference between a non-deductible IRA and a traditional or Roth IRA is that you can contribute to a non-deductible IRA no matter how much you earn.
This is because Roth IRA distributions are tax-exempt, as long as you are at least 59 and a half years old at the time of retirement and the Roth IRA has been in effect for at least five years. And unlike a Roth IRA, deductible and non-deductible IRA contributions can be combined in the same account. Many people who don't qualify to fully fund a deductible IRA or a Roth IRA miss out on this easy opportunity to save additional money for retirement, allowing them to grow tax-free. Non-deductible contributions to an IRA don't provide an immediate tax benefit because they're made with after-tax money, such as a Roth IRA.
And be sure to file your IRS forms annually to declare your non-deductible contributions and avoid having to pay double the amount of taxes when you withdraw your funds in retirement. However, there are several important differences between a non-deductible IRA and a traditional or Roth IRA, such as who can contribute, as well as the benefits associated with investing in each of them. While some contributions to an IRA may not be tax-deductible, there are other reasons to contribute to an IRA. If you and your spouse don't have a business plan at work, there are no restrictions on fully funding a deductible IRA.