. This was until around 1500 BC. C., when the former empire of Egypt, which greatly benefited from its gold region, Nubia, turned gold into the first official medium of exchange for international trade. In most ancient cultures, gold was popular in jewelry and art because of its value, aesthetic qualities, ductility and malleability.
C. C., and gold chains were produced for the first time in the city of Ur in 2500 BC. To the Minoan civilization of Crete, at the beginning of the second millennium a. C., is credited with producing the first jewelry with a cable-type chain, and the Minoans manufactured a wide range of jewelry items using a wide range of techniques.
Gold jewelry took the form of necklaces, bracelets, earrings, rings, headbands, pendants, pins and brooches. The techniques and forms included filigree (a technique known to the Egyptians since 2500 BC). C.) in which gold was dragged on wire and twisted in different designs), fine whipped shapes, granulating (decorating the surface with small soldered gold beads), stamping, profiling, inlay, molding and engraving. In South America, gold was processed in a similar way by the Chavín civilization of Peru around 1200 BC.
C. and the Nazca society perfected gold smelting starting in 500 BC. The Romans used gold as a setting for precious and semiprecious gems, a trend that continued in the Byzantine era with the use of pearls, gems and enamels. Gold was first discovered as bright yellow nuggets.
Without a doubt, it was the first metal known to the first hominids. Gold became part of all human cultures. Its brilliance, natural beauty and brilliance, and its great malleability and resistance to tarnishing made it pleasant to work and play with. Because gold is so dispersed throughout the geological world, its discovery occurred in many different groups in many different locations.
And almost everyone who found it was impressed with it, as was the developing culture in which they lived. Gold was the first metal widely known to our species. When thinking about the historical progress of technology, we consider that the development of the iron and copper industry is the greatest contribution to the economic and cultural progress of our species, but gold came first. Gold is the easiest metal to work with.
It is in a practically pure and viable state, while most other metals tend to be found in mineral deposits that make it difficult to melt. The first uses of gold were undoubtedly ornamental, and its brilliance and permanence (it does not corrode or tarnish) linked it to the deities and royalty of primitive civilizations. Gold has always been a powerful thing. We have long since lost the oldest story of human interaction with gold, but its association with the gods, with immortality and with one's own wealth are common in many cultures around the world.
The first civilizations equated gold with the gods and rulers, and gold was sought in its name and dedicated it to its glorification. Humans value gold almost intuitively, equating it with power, beauty and the cultural elite. And since gold is widely distributed around the world, we find this same thought about gold in all ancient and modern civilizations around the world. Gold, beauty and power have always gone hand in hand.
In ancient times, gold became sanctuaries and idols (“the golden calf”), plates, cups, vases and vases of all kinds and, of course, into jewelry for personal adornment. The treasure of the “Gold of Troy”, excavated in Turkey and dating from the time 2450 -2600 BC. It was a time when gold was highly valued, but it had not yet become money in and of itself. Rather, it was owned by the powerful and well-connected, or it became objects of worship or was used to decorate sacred places.
The “value” of gold was accepted all over the world. Today, as in ancient times, the intrinsic appeal of gold itself has that universal appeal to humans. But how did gold become a commodity, a unit of measurable value? Gold was money in ancient Greece. The Greeks were mining gold in the Mediterranean and the Middle East regions around 550 BC.
Gold was associated with water (that's logical, since most of it was found in streams), and gold was supposed to be a particularly dense combination of water and sunlight. The Incas referred to gold as the “tears of the sun”. In ancient Egypt, around the time of Seti I (1320 BC, C. Nowadays, in the Turin Museum there is a papyrus and fragments known as the “Carte des mines d'or”.
It represents gold mines, mining neighborhoods, roads leading to mines and gold mountains, etc. Modern thinking is that it portrays the Wadi Fawakhir region, where the El Sid gold mine is located, but the matter is far from being resolved. Jason and the Argonauts searched for the Golden Fleece around 1200 BC. This Greek myth makes more sense when you realize that the fleece you're referring to is sheep's fleece used to recover fine pleasure gold.
The first miners used hydraulic energy to propel golden sand onto the skin of a sheep, which would trap small, but heavy, gold scales. When the fleece had absorbed everything it could hold, this “golden fleece” was hung to dry and, when dry, it was gently tapped so that the gold would fall off and recover. The first use of gold as money occurred around 700 BC. They were simply stamped pieces of a mixture of 63% gold and 27% silver known as “electrum”.
At the time of the death of Alexander of Macedon (323 BC). Some of the mines were owned by the state, others were operated privately with a royalty paid to the state. In addition, nomads, such as the Scythians and the Cimmerians, worked in pleasure mines throughout the region. Both the surviving Greek gold coins and the Scythian jewelry show magnificent art.
The Roman Empire promoted the search for gold. The Romans mined gold extensively throughout their empire and greatly promoted the science of gold mining. They hydraulically diverted water streams to the mine and built gates and the first “long wells”. They were able to exploit the old mines more efficiently and, of course, their main workers were prisoners of war, slaves and convicts.
A monetary standard made the world economy possible. The concept of money, (that is,. During the classic period of Greek and Roman rule in the Western world, both gold and silver flowed to India for spices and to China for silk. At the height of the Empire (A, D.
RECEIVE INTERESTING ITEMS %26 SPECIAL OFFERS if you wish In addition to betting on gold, silver, platinum and palladium in the form of coins and ingots, we also buy a wide range of numismatic coins. We have especially strong offers for old American gold coins. Central Avenue, 11th Floor, Phoenix, AZ 85012 Get timely prices and special offers emailed to you every day. Later in history, the ancient Greeks saw gold as a symbol of social status and as a form of glory among immortal gods and demigods.
Mortal humans could use gold as a sign of wealth, and gold was also a form of currency. Contrary to what you might think, the Olympic tradition of handing out gold medals to winners did not begin until the modern Olympic Games and has little to do with Greek tradition. Although the Romans were by no means the first to use gold in their coins, they were the first to make gold coins a very common currency. Several attempts were made to recover the gold standard, but the price of gold continued to rise too high.
As a decorative coating, gold plating and gold leaf (gold beaten in extremely thin sheets) have been used to decorate shrines, temples, tombs, sarcophagi, statues, ornamental weapons and armor, ceramics, glassware and jewelry since Egyptian times. In ancient times, both reef gold found in quartz and alluvial gold were extracted with a sluice device; running water was used to separate the heaviest substance from river sand and gravel or from crushed quartz veins. Since the 1880s, South Africa has been the source of a large proportion of the world's gold supply, and about 22% of the gold currently found comes from South Africa. Common colored gold alloys include the distinctive eighteen-carat rose gold created by adding copper.
Even the purest natural gold can contain 5% silver, but Lydians could refine their gold using salt and furnace temperatures of between 600 and 800°C. Although the gold ion is toxic, the acceptance of metallic gold as a food additive is due to its relative chemical inertness and its resistance to being corroded or transformed into soluble salts (gold compounds) by any known chemical process that occurs in the human body. Fourteen and eighteen carat gold alloys, with only silver, have a yellow-green color and are called green gold. Australian gold kangaroos were first minted in 1986 as Australian gold nuggets, but changed the reverse design in 1989.The Mint was legally required to buy and sell gold and silver at a rate of 15 parts of silver to 1 part of gold.
The advantage of using gold compared to other metals for connectors, such as tin, has been debated in these applications; audiovisual experts often criticize gold-plated connectors as unnecessary for most consumers and consider them simply a marketing tactic. .